The media describes the current ‘Stop Mass Immigration’ initiative implementation plan as ‘light’ or even ‘super light’. But, is it really so light? Actually, it looks like the initiative affects far more employers than initially assumed. How will the initiative impact recruitment? I’d like to give you an answer on this one. But as definitive framework conditions are currently under second review with the Swiss Federal Council – with changes highly likely – a satisfying response is just out of reach.
What is clear is that there are a few surprises. Here’s what you need to know:
The implementation plan
A quick overview of the current implementation plan looks like this:
- All Switzerland-based employers will be obligated to register selected job vacancies in Switzerland with the regional employment office (RAV).
- All professions suffering from an outstanding nationwide unemployment rate are subject to the registration.
- After having registered the vacant positions, the RAV will search their database and recommend matching jobseekers.
- During this process, the employer is banned from publishing a job advertisement for several days.
- If a suitable job applicant isn’t found, the employer can continue with its usual recruiting process and may publicly advertise the job.
So far, so clear. However, even if there are a few exceptions to the job registration obligation (such as internal company changes, employment of family members or short work assignments) two burning questions remain:
- When do we talk of an outstanding nationwide unemployment rate?
- And what is the relevant threshold?
The kick-in threshold is low for 2018
The unemployment rate threshold to trigger the notification duty as well as the list of professions affected by this threshold will be set by the Swiss Federal Council on an annual basis.
After initial discussions had revolved around a 12% unemployment rate threshold, last June the Federal Council set the threshold for 2018 at a much lower rate of 5%.
The list of affected professional titles is broad and unclear
Consequently, the list of jobs affected in 2018 is not only several pages long, but also contains some unexpected professions, such as several from the marketing arena.
There’s also going to be significant ambiguity as to which jobs are subject to notification duty. The list contains unclear professional titles that leave room for interpretation and open up the scope to a great extent. Examples include broad titles such as “mechanical engineers” or the even more confusing “professions in economics” and “other employees with non-determinable non-manual activities”.
What this means for your 2018 recruiting process
Although the changes were initially announced to take effect on 1 January 2018, the Swiss Federal Council hasn’t yet decided on the definite framework conditions (see below). It looks as though the new rules will likely be enforced by mid-2018.
When it is enforced, failing to comply with the duty to notify the authorities of a reportable job vacancy may lead to a fine of up to CHF 40,000 per case. So it’s simple: You’d better comply.
Taking the broad and uncertain scope of affected professions into account, this basically means that you may must choose between the following two options with regard to all vacancies that could potentially fall under one of the categories listed:
- Option A: Assess on an individual-case basis whether a vacancy is a fit to one of the listed professional titles; or
- Option B: Notify the RAV as a default step in your recruiting process. This applies, at least under the assumption, that the authorities have not elaborated an approach in practice yet.
Option A offers the chance to avoid notifications in some cases, although it means having to assess every case individually and risking a fine. Choosing Option B may mean you avoid the risk of sanctions but must extend your default process and deal with the resulting increased administrative effort.
In an ever more responsive recruiting market, both scenarios create a time-delay disadvantage for Switzerland-based employers compared to their competitors outside of Switzerland. This applies to the recruitment of EU nationals, whilst for non-EU nationals in Switzerland as well as in many other EU states, an even more complex process is already in place.
Anticipate further changes
The directive to introduce the definite framework conditions is currently under the second review by the Federal Council. However, changes are likely as the cantons and the unions have heavily criticized the realization plan. Moreover, there are rumors that due to insufficient development of the notification software (which is currently under construction) the Federal Council may raise the threshold to 8%, for example.
Moreover, even after the implementation of the final version of the rules, the future remains uncertain. The Swiss People’s Party disagrees with the planned soft implementation and has already announced the initiation of a couple of further initiatives – all of which aim to further limit the EU free-movement rights.
It’s also prudent to keep an eye on the outcome of the ‘Out of the Dead End’ initiative (RASA). The initiative aims to overturn the ‘Stop Mass Immigration’ initiative and demands the new article’s removal from the Federal Constitution.
Currently discussed in the federal parliament, the initiative is heavily criticized for general democratic reasons.
KPMG’s Immigration Services team is closely monitoring the situation. In steady contact with the federal and cantonal authorities, we’re able to keep our clients informed and aware of any need for action.
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